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Reading Scheme and Phonics

Phonics Scheme


We use Unlocking Letters and Sounds (ULS) which was validated by the DfE in December 2021. We begin teaching phonics in the first few weeks of term one in Reception and children make rapid progress in their reading journey. Children begin to learn the main sounds heard in the English Language and how they can be represented, as well as learning ‘Common Exception’ words for Phases 2, 3 and 4. They use these sounds to read and write simple words, captions and sentences. Children leave Reception being able to apply the phonemes taught within Phase 2, 3 and 4.


In Year One, children move through Phase 5a, b and c. They learn any alternative spellings and pronunciations for the graphemes and additional Common Exception Words. By the end of Year One children will have mastered using phonics to decode and blend when reading and segment when spelling. In Year One all children are screened using the national Phonics Screening Check.


In Year Two, phonics continues to be revisited during the autumn term to ensure mastery of the phonetic code. Any child who did not meet age related expectations in Year One will continue to receive support to close identified gaps. The sessions then move on to focus on spelling; teaching the children age appropriate spelling strategies and rules.


To ensure no child is left behind at any point in the progression, children are regularly assessed and supported to keep up through bespoke 1-1 interventions. These include GPC recognition and blending and segmenting interventions. The lowest attaining 20% of pupils are closely monitored to ensure these interventions have an impact.


For further details, please read the Unlocking Letters and Sounds progression document which can be found below.

Reading Scheme


At Holmer Green First School and Pre-School, we promote a 'phonics first' approach in both our guided reading sessions at school and in the books children take home. Texts are very closely matched to a child's current phonics knowledge so that every child can experience real success in their reading. In these crucial early stages of reading we primarily use books from Ransom Reading Stars Phonics, to ensure complete fidelity to the Unlocking Letters and Sounds progression we follow.


Once children progress beyond decodable texts, they move onto our book scheme so that they can continue to progress in their decoding, fluency and comprehension skills to become avid, expert readers.

A useful video clip showing the correct 'pure' pronounciation of phonemes (units of sound).